about poland

hearth of eastern europe

The Republic of Poland

Poland, The Republic of Poland – country located in the centre of Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions with the total area of 312,696 square kilometers and has a moderate seasonal climate. The Polish population is over 38.5 million people. In terms of area 312 679 km² Poland is in 9th place, taking into account European countries. It borders with 7 countries: Germany in the west, Slovakia and the Czech Republic in the south, Russia and Lithuania in the north, Belarus and Ukraine in the east. In the north, the state border runs along the coast of the Baltic Sea. Total Polish borders are 3511 km.

Interesting facts about Poland

Poland is the largest amber exporter in the world – it is estimated that the share of Polish products on the world market can reach up to 70%.

Mieszko was the first Polish ruler in history – around 963. He was the first Christian leader of the country and the creator of the Piast dynasty.

50,000 Poles sacrificed their lives to save 450,000 Jews.

On September 12, 1989, the first non-communist elected government in the Warsaw Pact state took office, headed by Lech Wałęsa, Nobel Peace Prize laureate.

The narrowest house in the world is only 4 meters wide – it is located between two buildings in Warsaw.

On September 1, 1939, the German Wehrmacht invaded Poland without declaring war, thus starting World War II.

                                              Poland in Numbers




Capital City

 The capital of Poland is Warsaw. Warsaw is the largest city in Poland in terms of population – 1,777,972 citizen, as of January 1, 2019 and area 517.24 km² including the Vistula. There are important scientific, cultural, economic and political institutions in Warsaw, for example headquarters of President of the Republic of Poland, the polish Parliament, National Bank of Poland. In addition, Frontex – European Border and Coast Guard Agency is located in Warsaw, it is responsible for the security of the internal borders of the European Union. You can also find the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), the institution deals with monitoring human rights.

Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin. The official language of Poland is Polish and the Złoty is the official currency. But a lot of people is able to communicate also in English. Poland belongs to the Central European time zone (UTC+1:00).

Part of international community

Our country belongs to many important international organisations: Poland is a member of the European Union (EU), the Schengen Area, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), United Nations (UN), International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural  Organisation (UNESCO), United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organisation (WHO), World Trade Organisation (WTO), Organisation for Cooperation and Development (OECD) and many others.


Organizational structure of the Polish state is determined by the Constitution of the Republic of Poland adopted by the National Assembly on April 2, 1997. Poland is a parliamentary republic. The head of government is the prime minister, and the head of state is the president. Poland is a member of the European Union since May 1, 2004. Membership in the EU has an positive impact on Poland’s economic development.

The Polish economy has been growing continuously for several decades. Our country is in a period of good economic conditions, low unemployment rate, rising wages and development of foreign investments. Thanks to high consumption, the deep slowdown that has hit Europe, don’t effect our country that much. Since 1990, Poland continue economic liberalization. It’s worth to mention that during economic slowdown in 2007-2008, polish economy was the only one in European Union which avoided recession. In the period from 1989 to 2018, Poland’s GDP increased by 826.96% and was the best result in Europe. In the years 2004–2016 Poland recorded an over threefold increase in exports and an over two and a half times increase in imports of goods and services. Strengths of the Polish economy are human resources, corporate investments, intellectual assets and economic results. Poland is the sixth economy of the European Union and the eighth in Europe

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